Pay My Bill
Poison Control: 800-222-1222 |
St. Louis Children's Hospital After Hours (314) 747-2256
Tour Our Office
Get Our Mobile App
Forms & Policies
Is Your Child Sick
Visual Symptom Checker
Forms & Policies
New Patient Information
Healthcare Rights of Youth in Illinois
(updated January 2018) January 18, 2018
by Monica Guzman
Terms to Know
protections we are given by law
written statements passed by the Illinois General Assembly and signed by the Illinois Governor
this could be a doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, midwife, counselor, social worker, or other professional
in Illinois, a minor is someone under the age of 18
in Illinois, a mature minor is someone under the age of 18 who is married, pregnant, or a parent
something that will be kept private:
In Illinois, youth have the right to confidentiality when talking to healthcare providers or getting a procedure
Exceptions to confidentiality:
Cases of abuse and neglect by a family member, guardian, or caretaker (source: 325
ILCS5/Abused and Neglected Child Reporting Act
May pose a danger to others
May pose a danger to themselves
Services & Laws
No consent needed by parent or guardian if a minor is married, pregnant, or a parent. Consent is needed for minors if they do not meet these qualifications.
Individual clinics may have their own policy or practice, as consent is different from notification.
See 410 ILCS/Consent by Minors to Medical Procedure Act.
No consent needed by parent or guardian for OTC pregnancy tests.
In-office pregnancy tests may fall under "General Healthcare."
No consent needed by parent or guardian, as prenatal care is "General Healthcare."
Parent or guardian must be notified 48 hours prior to minor's abortion procedure. Consent is not needed.
Notification may be waived by judicial bypass (court order).
See 750 ILCS 70/Parental Notice of Abortion Act.
No consent needed by parent or guardian for external condoms, but internal condoms now require a prescription.
Available for purchase or for free in many locations.
Plan B One-Step and generics available OTC without consent or a prescription. Other versions require a prescription for 16 and younger, but no consent is required at the pharmacy.
See below for sexual assault-specific regulations.
No additional consent needed by parent or guardian for youth 12 and older.
See 325 ILCS 10/Birth Control Services to Minors Act.
Consent needed by parent or guardian as it's a vaccine, but consent can be bypassed in some cases if minor thinks they were exposed to HPV.
STI/HIV Testing and Treatment
No consent needed by parent or guardian for youth 12 and older.
Providers are not required to share results with parent or guardian by are allowed to.
See 410 ILCS 210/Consent by Minors to Medical Procedure Act.
Sexual Violence and Assault
No consent needed by parent of guardian for:
Making a police report
Consenting to healthcare at the hospital, including treatment for STIs, HIV, and emergency contraception
Consenting to evidence collection and release
90 days of follow-up medical care
5 counseling sessions at a rape crisis center (12-16 years old)
Determining of parameters of confidentiality (12 and older)
Protective orders require someone 18+, but it does not have to be a parent or guardian.
See 410 ILCS 70/Sexual Assault Survivors Emergency Treatment Act and 410 ILCS 210/Consent by Minors to Medical Procedure Act.
Outpatient Mental Health
12-16 years old:
No consent needed by parent or guardian for eight 90-min. sessions.
Consent needed to continue unless counselor believes it's in the minor's best interest to continue or that parental involvement would be detrimental to minor's well being.
17 and older:
No consent needed by parent or guardian.
See 405 ILCS 5/Mental Health & Developmental Disabilities Code. Effective 1/1/18; was previously limited to five 45-min. sessions.
Inpatient Mental Health
Voluntary admission without parental consent at 16 years old, but parent or guardian is informed immediately.
Involuntary admission by a parent or guardian is possible, but a minor 12 years or older can object and be released within 15 business days.
See 405 ILCS 5/Mental Health & Developmental Disabilities Code.
Substance Use Treatment
No consent needed by parent or guardian for youth 12 and older for inpatient or outpatient. Family involvement or release of information is only allowable with the youth's consent.
See 410 ILCS 210/Consent by Minors to Medical Procedure Act
Is Your Child Sick?®
Illnesses and Symptoms...
Abdominal Pain - Female
Abdominal Pain - Male
Animal or Human Bite
Antibiotics: When Do They Help?
Bed Bug Bite
Bee or Yellow Jacket Sting
Bottle-Feeding (Formula) Questions
Bruises and Cuts
Coughs: Meds or Home Remedies?
Cracked or Dry Skin
Crying Baby - Before 3 Months Old
Crying Child - 3 Months and Older
Cut, Scrape, or Bruise
Diarrhea Diseases From Travel
Drinking Fluids - Decreased
Ear - Congestion
Ear - Discharge
Ear - Pulling At or Rubbing
Ear - Swimmer's
Ear Infection Questions
Emergency Symptoms Not to Miss
Eye - Allergy
Eye - Foreign Object
Eye - Pus or Discharge
Eye - Red Without Pus
Fever - How to Take the Temperature
Fever - Myths Versus Facts
Fire Ant Sting
Fluid Intake Decreased
Foreskin Care Questions
Genital Injury - Female
Genital Injury - Male
Hand-Foot-And-Mouth Disease (HFMD)
Heat Exposure and Reactions
Human or Animal Bite
Impetigo - Infected Sores
Infection Exposure Questions
Influenza - Seasonal
Lice - Head
Lymph Nodes - Swollen
Medicine - Refusal to Take
Menstrual Period - Missed or Late
Mental Health Problems
Mosquito-Borne Diseases from Travel
Neck Pain or Stiffness
Newborn Appearance Questions
Newborn Illness - How to Recognize
Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks
Newborn Reflexes and Behavior
Nose Allergy (Hay Fever)
Poison Ivy - Oak - Sumac
Rash or Redness - Localized
Rash or Redness - Widespread
Reflux (Spitting Up)
Sinus Pain or Congestion
Skin Foreign Object
Sliver or Splinter
Spitting Up - Reflux
Stomach Pain - Female
Stomach Pain - Male
Stools - Blood In
Stools - Unusual Color
Strep Throat Exposure
Strep Throat Infection
Swallowed Foreign Object
Swallowed Harmless Substance
Swimmer's Itch - Lakes and Oceans
Tear Duct - Blocked
Toenail - Ingrown
Umbilical Cord Symptoms
Urinary Tract Infection - Female
Urination Pain - Female
Urination Pain - Male
Vomiting With Diarrhea
Vomiting Without Diarrhea
Weakness and Fatigue
Wheezing (Other Than Asthma)
ASDs Family Handout—Introduction to Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Choosing Over-the-Counter Medicines for Your Child
Giving Medicine to Children: Important Safety Information
How Asthma Medicines Are Taken
Medicine and the Media: How to Make Sense of the Messages
Medicines for ADHD: Questions From Teens Who Have ADHD
Parent's Guide to Complementary and Integrative Medicine, A
Prescription Medicines and Your Child
Use of Medicines in Sports (Care of the Young Athlete)
Using Liquid Medicines
Using Over-the-Counter Medicines with Your Child
A Guide to Children’s Dental Health
Abdominal Pain, Recurrent
Acute Ear Infections and Your Child
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Acute Otitis Media
Acute Strep Throat
Allergies in Children
Anemia and Your Young Child: Guidelines for Parents: Adapted from Caring for Your Baby and Young Child: Birth to Age 5
Anesthesia and Your Child: Information for Parents
Ankle Sprain Treatment (Care of the Young Athlete)
Antibiotics and Your Child
Asthma and Exercise (Care of the Young Athlete)
Asthma and Your Child
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Breast Enlargement, Premature
Bronchiolitis and Your Young Child
Care of the Premature Infant
Chickenpox Vaccine, The
Coarctation of the Aorta
Common Childhood Infections
Congenital Hip Dysplasia
Constipation and Your Child
Croup and Your Young Child
Croup: When Your Child Needs Hospital Care
Crying and Your Baby: How to Calm a Fussy or Colicky Baby
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Diabetic Mother, Infant of
Diaper Rash and Your Baby
Diarrhea and Your Child
Diarrhea, Vomiting, and Water Loss (Dehydration)
Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis) and Your Child
Enlarged Lymph Nodes
Eye Problems Related to Headache
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Fever and Your Child
Fifth Disease (Erythema Infectiosum)
Food Allergies and Your Child
Fragile X Syndrome
Gastroenteritis: When Your Child Needs Hospital Care
Hand Foot and Mouth
Headache Related to Eye Problems
Hepatitis A Immunization
Hepatitis B Immunization
High Blood Pressure
Hip Dysplasia (Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip)
How to Take Your Child's Temperature
Infant of a Diabetic Mother
Inhaled and Intranasal Corticosteroids and Your Child
Language Development in Young Children
Managing Chronic Health Needs in Child Care and Schools—Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Middle Ear Fluid and Your Child
Obesity in Childhood
Osgood-Schlatter Disease (Care of the Young Athlete)
Otitis Media, Acute
Parasites - Giardia
Pneumococcal Conjugate Immunization
Pneumonia and Your Child
Prematurity, Retinopathy of
Pulmonary Hypertension (PPH & SPH)
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Rheumatic Fever, Acute
Rubella (German Measles)
Safety of Blood Transfusions
Seasonal Influenza (Flu)
Sinusitis and Your Child
Sleep Apnea and Your Child
Speech Development in Young Children
Stuttering and the Young Child
Swine Flu (H1N1) FAQ
Swine Flu (H1N1) Vaccine
Tear Duct, Blocked
Tetralogy of Fallot
Tinea (ringworm infection)
Tonsils and the Adenoid
Toxic Shock Syndrome
Treating Your Child's Pain: Medical Procedures
Treating Your Child's Pain: Surgery
Type 2 Diabetes: Tips for Healthy Living
Urinary Tract Infection
Urinary Tract Infections in Young Children
Varicella or Chickenpox
Whooping Cough (Pertussis)
Food Borne Illnesses
Growth & Development
Sports & Exercise
What's Going Around
Pediatric Healthcare Unlimited
8:00 am - 5:00 pm
8:00 am - 12:00 pm
Poison Control: (800) 222-1222
After Hours and Emergency
Check-Up / Vaccine Schedule
Get Our Mobile App
Pay My Bill